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What is Health Sciences and Technology?

Health Sciences and Technology (HST), one of the Career and Technical Education (CTE) endorsement areas for 6-12 grade Illinois classrooms, focuses on the care and improvement of human health and well-being. Careers in HST involve direct patient treatment/care, as well as research, diagnostic, and support services. Healthcare is generally performed in hospitals, clinics, or assisted or long-term care facilities. By taking HST-specific courses or through the development of integrated units from other Illinois CTE endorsement areas, students develop academic knowledge and technical skills allowing patients to receive better care and live longer, more productive lives.

Source: Adapted from https://www.isbe.net/Pages/Health-Science-Technology.aspx

Occupational Outlook Handbook https://www.bls.gov/ooh/

O-Net https://www.onetonline.org/

At minimum, Illinois FBS focuses on the following areas:

  • Human Anatomy and Physiology
  • Diseases and Disorders
  • Medical Mathematics
  • Concepts of Effective Communication
  • Medical Terminology
  • Written Communication Skills
  • Healthcare Delivery Systems
  • Legal Responsibilities and Implications
  • Ethics
  • Infection Control
  • Emergency Procedures and Protocols

For more information about HST, please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., ILCTE HST Leader. For more information about ILCTE, please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Project Director. To be added to our communications list, please fill out the contact information. Additionally, please connect with us on FacebookTwitter, and YouTube.


ILCTE Innovative Lessons


Career Clusters

The National Career Clusters® Framework serves as an organizing tool for Career Technical Education (CTE) programs, curriculum design and instruction. There are 16 Career Clusters in the National Career Clusters Framework, representing 79 Career Pathways to help learners navigate their way to greater success in college and career. The framework also functions as a useful guide in developing programs of study bridging secondary and postsecondary systems and for creating individual student plans of study for a complete range of career options. As such, it helps learners discover their interests and their passions, and empowers them to choose the educational pathway that can lead to success in high school, college and career.

Source: https://careertech.org/career-clusters

There are 16 nationally recognized Career Clusters; Illinois has 17 Career Clusters (Energy is the 17th). Illinois FBS teachers may want to consider the examination of three-specific career clusters in the development of their program.


Health Sciences

This Career Cluster® is focused on planning, managing, and providing therapeutic services, diagnostic services, health informatics, support services, and biotechnology research and development.

Government & Public Administration

This Career Cluster® is focused on planning and performing government functions at the local, state and federal levels, including governance, national security, foreign service, planning, revenue and taxation, and regulations.

Human Services

This Career Cluster® is focused on preparing individuals for employment in careers that relate to families and human needs such as counseling and mental health services, family and community services, personal care and consumer services.

Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics

This Career Cluster® is focused on planning, managing and providing scientific research and professional and technical services (e.g., physical science, social science, engineering) including laboratory and testing services, and research and development services.

Education and Training

This Career Cluster® is focused on planning, managing and providing education and training services, and related learning support services.

Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security

This Career Cluster® is focused on planning, managing, and providing legal, public safety and protective services and homeland security, including professional and technical support services.

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PaCE Framework

Counselors, advisors, teachers and other educators can use the PaCE document to identify what types of experiences and information a student should have in order to make the most informed decisions about college and career planning. Organized from 8th through 12th grade, the Illinois PaCE Framework explains what students should be supported to do and what they should know at the end of each grade relative to three key domains: Career Exploration and Development; Postsecondary Education Exploration, Preparation, and Selection; and, Financial Aid and Literacy.

Source: https://www.isac.org/pace/il-pace-resource-materials.html


Diversity, Equity, and Special Populations  

Illinois has a commitment to provide every student the opportunity to be supported by highly effective teachers and school leaders. Further, Illinois understands that the two most important components for providing student learning are effective teachers and school leaders. Therefore, Illinois is focusing on developing highly effective teachers and leaders who are prepared to work to meet the instructional needs of each child, including those who have special needs and/or are English Language/Bilingual learners whether they come from high-poverty schools or low-poverty schools. To meet the needs of its lowest performing schools, Illinois is focusing on preparing teachers and principals to focus on differentiated instruction, student learning, and school improvement. Ensuring that teachers and principals are highly prepared to work in high need schools (HNS) will help to reduce the inequity among schools. Additionally, providing induction, mentoring, and professional development programs that focus on instructional needs of children will further support student learning in HNS (Source: https://www.isbe.net/Documents/equity_plan.pdf#search=equity)

Resources for Teachers:


Learning Standards

The Common Career Technical Core (CCTC) is a state-led initiative to establish a set of rigorous, high-quality standards for Career Technical Education (CTE). The standards have been informed by state and industry standards and developed by a diverse group of teachers, business and industry experts, administrators and researchers. Forty-two states, the District of Columbia and Palau participated in the development stage of the CCTC, which was coordinated by Advance CTE. The development of the CCTC was a multi-step process that incorporated input from approximately 3,500 individuals representing K-12 education, business and industry and higher education from across the nation.

Source: https://careertech.org/cctc


​Career and Technical Student Organizations


State and National Associations

  • The Illinois Health Occupations Association  includes instructors, administrators, applied academics instructors, local and state supervisors, teacher educators and others who are dedicated to educating today’s students for tomorrow’s health care community. Our members serve as advisers for HOSA-Future Health Professionals, bring a wealth of experience directly from industry and prepare youth and adults for such careers as nursing, dental hygiene and dental assisting, home health aide and medical technician professions.https://sites.google.com/site/illinoishoa/

    IHOA President
    Amanda Ramsden RN
    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

  • National Consortium for Health Science Education
    There is a gap between what health science students learn and the demands of the ever-evolving health industry. The National Consortium for Health Science Education (NCHSE) is a national partnership of health science state leaders, organizations, publishers, and resource providers interested in bridging that gap through quality education. We work to stimulate creative and innovative leadership for ensuring a well-prepared health workforce.
    https://www.healthscienceconsortium.org/

  • Illinois Association for Career and Technical Education
  • Association for Career and Technical Education
  • Illinois State Board of Education CTE
  • SkillsUSA

Online Learning Resources


What is a Program of Study?

According to the definition put forward in Perkins V, a program of study must, at minimum, be a coordinated, non-duplicative sequence of academic and technical content at the secondary and postsecondary level that:

  • Incorporates challenging, state-identified academic standards;
  • Addresses academic and technical knowledge, as well as employability skills;
  • Is aligned to the needs of industries in the state, region, Tribal community or local area;
  • Progresses in content specificity;
  • Has multiple entry and exit points that allow for credentialing; and
  • Culminates in the attainment of a recognized postsecondary credential.

    HST Course Matrix

    Source: https://careertech.org/programs-study


Nurse Aide Testing

Their information is provided in partnership with the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) and Southern Illinois University Carbondale (SIUC), Illinois Nurse Assistant Competency Exam (INACE) project.

https://nurseaidetesting.com/