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What is Human and Public Services?

Human and Public Services (HPS), one of the Career and Technical Education (CTE) endorsement areas for 6-12 grade Illinois classrooms, helps students become college and career ready through critical thinking and real-world application of skills that are built within the content and application of HPS courses. HPS prepares individuals for jobs related to the needs of individuals, groups, and society, leading to career opportunities in education and training, government and public administration, law, public safety, corrections, and security and human services, along with personal care services.  Individuals might work in schools, day care centers, government agencies, law offices, hospitals, salon or spas, or in the community. ​

Source: Adapted from

Occupational Outlook Handbook


At minimum, Illinois HPS focuses on the following areas:

  • Apparel and Textile Manufacturing
  • Child Care
  • Cooking and Culinary Arts
  • Early Childhood Education
  • Foods, Nutrition, and Wellness
  • Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Security
  • Personal Services (barbering, cosmetology, etc.)

For more information about HPS, please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., ILCTE HPS Leader. For more information about ILCTE, please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Project Director. To be added to our communications list, please fill out the contact information. Additionally, please connect with us on FacebookTwitter, and YouTube.

ILCTE Innovative Lessons

Career Clusters

The National Career Clusters® Framework serves as an organizing tool for Career Technical Education (CTE) programs, curriculum design and instruction. There are 16 Career Clusters in the National Career Clusters Framework, representing 79 Career Pathways to help learners navigate their way to greater success in college and career. The framework also functions as a useful guide in developing programs of study bridging secondary and postsecondary systems and for creating individual student plans of study for a complete range of career options. As such, it helps learners discover their interests and their passions, and empowers them to choose the educational pathway that can lead to success in high school, college and career.


There are 16 nationally recognized Career Clusters; Illinois has 17 Career Clusters (Energy is the 17th). Illinois FBS teachers may want to consider the examination of three-specific career clusters in the development of their program.

Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources

This Career Cluster® is focused on the production, processing, marketing, distribution, financing, and development of agricultural commodities and resources including food, fiber, wood products, natural resources, horticulture, and other plant and animal products or resources.

Education and Training

This Career Cluster® is focused on planning, managing and providing education and training services, and related learning support services.

Architecture and Construction

This Career Cluster® is focused on careers in designing, planning, managing, building and maintaining the built environment.

Hospitality and Tourism

This Career Cluster® is focused on management, marketing and operations of restaurants and other food services, lodging, attractions, recreation events and travel related services.

Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security

This Career Cluster® is focused on planning, managing, and providing legal, public safety and protective services and homeland security, including professional and technical support services.

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PaCE Framework

Counselors, advisors, teachers and other educators can use the PaCE document to identify what types of experiences and information a student should have in order to make the most informed decisions about college and career planning. Organized from 8th through 12th grade, the Illinois PaCE Framework explains what students should be supported to do and what they should know at the end of each grade relative to three key domains: Career Exploration and Development; Postsecondary Education Exploration, Preparation, and Selection; and, Financial Aid and Literacy.


Diversity, Equity, and Special Populations  

Illinois has a commitment to provide every student the opportunity to be supported by highly effective teachers and school leaders. Further, Illinois understands that the two most important components for providing student learning are effective teachers and school leaders. Therefore, Illinois is focusing on developing highly effective teachers and leaders who are prepared to work to meet the instructional needs of each child, including those who have special needs and/or are English Language/Bilingual learners whether they come from high-poverty schools or low-poverty schools. To meet the needs of its lowest performing schools, Illinois is focusing on preparing teachers and principals to focus on differentiated instruction, student learning, and school improvement. Ensuring that teachers and principals are highly prepared to work in high need schools (HNS) will help to reduce the inequity among schools. Additionally, providing induction, mentoring, and professional development programs that focus on instructional needs of children will further support student learning in HNS (Source:

Resources for Teachers:

What is a Program of Study?

According to the definition put forward in Perkins V, a program of study must, at minimum, be a coordinated, non-duplicative sequence of academic and technical content at the secondary and postsecondary level that:

  • Incorporates challenging, state-identified academic standards;
  • Addresses academic and technical knowledge, as well as employability skills;
  • Is aligned to the needs of industries in the state, region, Tribal community or local area;
  • Progresses in content specificity;
  • Has multiple entry and exit points that allow for credentialing; and
  • Culminates in the attainment of a recognized postsecondary credential.

    HPS Plan of Study


Learning Standards

The Common Career Technical Core (CCTC) is a state-led initiative to establish a set of rigorous, high-quality standards for Career Technical Education (CTE). The standards have been informed by state and industry standards and developed by a diverse group of teachers, business and industry experts, administrators and researchers. Forty-two states, the District of Columbia and Palau participated in the development stage of the CCTC, which was coordinated by Advance CTE. The development of the CCTC was a multi-step process that incorporated input from approximately 3,500 individuals representing K-12 education, business and industry and higher education from across the nation.


​Career and Technical Student Organizations

State and National Associations

Online Learning Resources

Additional Resources

The following documents have been publicly shared online.


100 Days of Real Food
Information on processed foods and recipes for cutting out processed food in your diet.

Betty Crocker
Lots of tried and true recipes

Cheese resources
Students can take a free cheese encyclopedia self study course on everything about cheese.  There are also STEM curriculum lessons

Drive Thru Nutrition
Students use online resources and a spreadsheet program to compare the fat and calorie content of various food items at 12 popular fast food restaurants.

Fast Food Nutrition
This site provides a fast food nutrition web quest for high school students.  Nutrition facts are also provided for many of the most popular fast food restaurants.

Institute of Food Technologists
Click community and educators to access k-12 resources and resources for teaching online.  This site provides a very comprehensive guide to moving your courses online.

Myplate Games
MyPlate offers ideas and tips to help students create a healthy eating style.  Preschool teachers will find lots of resources.  The resources are available in many different languages including Spanish.

Still Tasty
This site gives the shelf life of thousands of foods.

The Food Timeline
This is a very comprehensive site on the history of food.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration
This site has great information on shopping for food during the COVID-19 Epidemic, as well as the updated Nutrition Facts label on packaged foods and drinks. Teachers can download Science and Our Food Supply: Investigating Food Safety from Farm to Table (2014) edition.  This comprehensive guide has a careers section with interviews with scientists, lab procedures, etc.

Johns Hopkins has provided 17 lesson plans for high school students.  The entire free curriculum can be downloaded. 

Culinary Institute of America
This site contains lesson plans, videos, and a virtual tour of the Culinary Institute of America.

Adobe Distance Learning Resources
Adobe educators extend Khan Academy lessons with engaging, creative projects and activities for students of all ages.

USDA National Agricultural Library
This site has information on lifecycle nutrition, including preconception nutrition, nutrition during pregnancy, child nutrition, etc.  There is information on dietary supplements, regulations, reports, and warnings.

Food Allergies

Kids with Food Allergies
Food allergies are described.  Recipe substitutions for food allergens are included, as well as recipes that are free of food allergens.

Food Allergy Research and Education
This website brings awareness to food allergens.  It addresses Cross-contact and cross –contamination. Learn how to safeguard your foods labs.

Financial Literacy

Over 100 interactive, game-based programs and lessons for teachers to better engage students.

Next Generation Personal Finance
Create a free teacher account and access the Teacher Toolkit, the video library, and course outlines.

Consumer Jungle
This website contains games, money mess-ups, mishaps and mistakes.  They also review financial apps for teens.

Dave Ramsey
There are many free resources at this site, including a guide to budgeting, investment help and an investment calculator.

Family Economics and Financial Education FEFE
This site contains many free comprehensive lessons on financial literacy.

Federal Reserve Bank Lessons
A wealth of free lessons on Personal Finance are available at this site.  Several virtual tours and webinars are available.

Budget Challenge
Budget Challenge simulates the process of managing of all the finances of an independent young adult, including pays bills, saving for retirement, accomplishing key goals like paying down debt and setting up an emergency fund. 

Illinois Personal Finance Tools and Resources
The Stock Market Game is an online education program used to teach core subjects like math, social studies, technology, business, economics and language skills in a real-world setting.

Intuit Mint
This site has a loan repayment calculator as well as a comparison of various credit cards. Student loans and types of checking accounts are reviewed.

Money Instructor
Many free lessons, worksheets, and activities on the following topics:  Interviewing, Customer Service, Career Planning, Resume writing, etc.  A very comprehensive website.

Practical Money Skills
This website contains lessons for teaching students at home.


Business Etiquette Test
Go to this website and click on resources.  There is a Business Etiquette test available. It is a good way to introduce an etiquette unit.

Clothing and Textiles

Fabric Link
A textile resource for fabrics, apparel, home furnishings and fabric care.

Cornell Fashion Collection
A tour of fashion collections at Cornell University

Craft Gossip Sewing
Patterns, techniques, articles, blogs, and other resources to learn how to sew

Secrets of Embroidery
A very comprehensive site on embroidery, including, projects, software, and blogs

Innovation in Textiles
Cutting edge information on what is happening in the textile industry.

Moda Bake Shop
Fabrics, tips on starting a sewing business, patterns, blogs, etc.

Quilting Assistant
Free quilt patterns, calculators, product reviews, and quilting hints and tips.

Sew Electric
This website will show you how to make your own soft, colorful, and wearable electronics.  You will learn how to sew, design electronics, and write computer programs.

Sewing Freebies
Hundreds of free patterns, including patterns for pets. You can sign up for a free quilters  e-newsletter.

Threads Magazine
Projects and patterns as well as tools and supplies, videos, and a forum.

Child Development

Baby Center
Shows a pregnancy developing week by week.  There is also an ovulation calculator, a due date calculator, a baby name finder, and a baby cost calculator.

Family and Consumer Sciences
This comprehensive FCS website has newly added  e-lessons in the area of Child Development, including a lesson on Baby Sign Language, and Ways Children Learn.

Early Childhood Resources
This site has a list of free lesson plans, units, and classroom materials.  There is also lots of information on careers in the Child Care field, including descriptions of each position and type of education needed.

INCCRRA The Illinois Network of child Care resource and Referral Agencies
Gateways to Opportunity is a state-wide professional development support system designed to provide guidance, encouragement, and recognition to individuals and programs serving children, youth, and families.  Resources and services include credentials, professional development advisors, and Gateways to Opportunity Scholarship.

NAEYC National Association for the Education of Young Children
A national organization that has many resources for the Early Childhood teacher.

The Child Development section of this site offers lesson ideas for teaching child development, early childhood education and other topics pertaining to children.

General FCS Resources


Use the search feature on Pinterest to find resources in your area.  Don’t forget to check boards that have been made by other teachers.  It will save you lots of time.

Social Media

Facebook Groups

Family and Consumer Sciences Teachers
This group is a national group of Family and Consumer Sciences teachers.  There are over 16,000 members.  As a member, you have access to hundreds of resources that have been shared by FCS teachers.  They are organized in Google Docs.  This is a fabulous resource for teachers. 

Illinois Family and Consumer Sciences Teachers
This group is for Illinois teachers only. Teachers share information and resources pertinient to Illinois.

Cricut for Teachers
This nationwide group tells how to use the Cricut in the classroom and shares many classroom projects.